Recently I returned from Nebraska where we installed my sculpture “Returning Home”. I also set up a donation booth during the Last Fling Til Spring car show at the entrance to American Veterans Park with my life size Gold Star Wife and Remembering. The intent was to help raise money for the final stage of the park in which I have two more statues to make and two large scale reliefs. I was fortunate to have some help manning the booth as there were a lot of people at the car show and I got to meet some really neat people.
One of the more challenging sculptures I’ve created is finally completed and ready to be installed. Returning Home required many hours of research into many areas, including desert camo uniforms, patches, folds of different fabrics, compositional balance and how a “jump hug” should look when a child is also hugging you.
Now that the sculpture is done, I can look back and say yes, how much time and effort one puts into research can equal the success of a work of art. For me, Returning Home is a success. Of course, you have to apply the research and not skip over little details. But generally, if you have a good idea with a generally good composition, the artwork can be made really good with attention to the little details.
For example; the US flag patch on the mans right shoulder. Seems like a small detail (and it is) but it is a really important one. I learned that the flag appears backwards on his right shoulder because it is important that the stars (and therefore the flagpole) face forward. This shows that the soldiers are going into battle. How? The idea that when you are walking or running towards the wind, it is assumed that you are going into or facing a challenge. And if you do this holding a flagpole, the stars would be facing the direction you are going as they are the closest to the pole. If the stars face the opposite direction, it would symbolize running away from or in the opposite direction of the wind (assuming the wind speed is greater than the running speed). So if a US flag patch were worn on the left shoulder, as compared to the right, the stars should be facing the left side of flag and front of the soldier. So in short, this flag patch is meant to be worn ONLY on the right shoulder.
The little details, such as this, may seem small, but when you are working on long lasting, bronze sculpture, details go a long way.
There has been quite a bit going on in my studio these days, but there is light at the end of the tunnel.
One of the projects I finished recently is this 43 inch tall bronze plaque for the Ronald Reagan Ranch in Southern California honoring the late John Barletta.
Barletta was a former secret service agent under President Reagan and the two remained close friends throughout Reagans post-presidential life. Following the passing of President Reagan, Mr. Barletta worked with Young America’s Foundation (who purchased the 688 acre property in 1998) in preserving the Reagan ranch and educating the youth about his friend and the 40th President of the US.
For the last few weeks, all twelve of the sculptures that are going to be installed at American Veterans Park in Nebraska were in danger of becoming a french brown or black patina. These sculptures were all designed to have some color in them and a brown or black patina would have gone against my original designs and diluted the meaning of many of the sculptures. Over several meetings the design committee was split evenly, half of them were for it and the other half were very vocally against it. I was not in these meetings, but last night I was asked to write a letter that explains why I would choose the colored patinas on these military sculptures for a meeting the following day. The committee was going to be absent one person who was pro-color so I needed a miracle.
Below is what I wrote to explain why I wanted color in the sculptures.
Committee members of AVP
I have been aware of the discussions regarding patina choices on the AVP sculptures and I would like to express my thoughts on why various transparent and opaque colors were chosen in the designs compared to a traditional french brown or black patina.
#1 Although each sculpture might have a color that is different than the sculpture it is next to, it is important for each sculpture to be seen independently and not judged on cohesiveness as a group. While the entire design of the park will be viewed as one whole, those individual elements themselves (concrete, granite and bronze) should not be. For example, there are two colors of granite in the park. Is that a bad design? Should ALL of the granite and concrete be one color? I think all of us agree that it should not. Comparitively, by lumping all of the individually designed monuments into a similar color or tone will greatly affect the uniqueness of each individual sculpture. For example, present arms, Marine will look too similar to the present arms, Army. This will take away from the unique 4 generation gap. The color difference on these two sculptures, in my honest opinion, helps people to see the two statues for what they are and invites them to spend more time in the park.
I am aware that having some form of consistent color is the topic of discussion. However, I believe that what would make AVP unique among the other veteran parks is not how much the statues look like each other, but how much individuality and power each one has. People connect with color, so lets use color where we need to to help communicate our message.
Returning Home (life size) was designed for American Veterans Park in West Point, NE to be one of two sculptures that tells the story of love and loss. While this sculpture tells the story of love of family, Gold Star Wife (not pictured) tells the story of loss.
A complex, three figure composition Returning Home shows the moment the husband has come home from war and is embraced by his family. They are hugging each other and the sculpture is supposed to evoke the feeling of what it is like for military families that have to endure separation and uncertainty.
With this sculpture I had an opportunity to apply what I’ve learned over the years regarding composition. When I compose a sculpture I am always conscious of how a viewers eye is lead from one section to another. With most of the single figure sculptures it can be difficult because you are dealing with one body only. In this sculpture, however, I had the opportunity to have a unique visual focal point; the gaze between the man and woman. When we first look at the sculpture our eyes immediately go to their faces, first the woman, then the man and back and forth a few times (hopefully). After a few moments ones’ eyes are then directed downwards towards the little girls happy embrace. The cascading arms help to lead the eye down towards the girls face to see that her expression, although different, reflects the couples smiling faces. Then our eyes move back up towards the main focal point or around to various smaller focal points, such as the hands located throughout the sculpture or the poppy that the woman is holding.
In most of my favorite sculptures of historical importance there is one other element that might seem insignificant, but in essence is really important for making a work of art easy on the eyes: having a visual element that leads the eye OUT of the artwork. That is so the eyes, and viewer, can leave at anytime, although they don’t have to. This might seem counter-intuitive to have a place for people to be able to exit the sculpture. But I think of this as like going to a party (at least for me). Imagine you were immediately transported to a party where you knew no one. It would seem that they are all wonderful people but there is one thing that would really put your mind at ease and possibly even make you feel more comfortable. Knowing where the EXIT DOOR is. Whether consciously or subconsciously you would probably immediately look for a door if you were suddenly transported there. In my mind, the same thing happens with artistic composition. While having a well done focal point is probably THE most important part of a design, you also need a place that provides a safe exit. And, on Returning Home, this place of visually exiting the artwork is through the woman’s two feet. They are pointed away from the sculpture and down towards the separately casted heels, breaking the circular composition throughout the sculpture. This is communicating with you, visually, that you are welcome to leave at anytime. But, of course, I hope that you will stay for a while.
The bronze casting of Present Arms, Army (photo) is currently being assembled by the skillful team of Palm, Inc. in Loveland, Colorado. The 200 lb. bronze casting is 5’10” tall and this sculpture will be permanently installed next to a US Marine Honor Guard for a Veterans Park in Nebraska.
Present Arms, Army is a WWII era US Army Honor Guard who is holding an M1 Garand rifle. The sculpture was modeled after a WWII Veteran named Harold. I worked hard to capture Harold’s likeness but I was also concerned with making sure that the sculpture would look like he was pulled right out of the 1940’s. Therefore, it was important for me to study some of the illustrations from that period and one artist in particular became very useful, J.C. Leyendecker.
Leyendecker was famous for his illustrations for the Saturday Evening Post and is one of my favorite illustrators from the Golden Age of Illustration. What he excelled at and was known for was his unique depiction of the male figure. Whether it was an athlete, a business man or a soldier, a Leyendecker Post cover represented American standards of beauty.
Since I’ve had a little down time before installation next month I decided to sculpt a life size clay bust of a friend of mine and fellow bronze sculptor, Bez. I still have work left to do on the backside and profile views, but it is getting there. At this stage I’m only 18 hours into the clay work which doesn’t seem like much. However, when you are focused and zeroed in on getting things as accurate as possible and constantly critiquing the likeness, 18 hours can be a long time. Usually after a sculpting session my eyes will start bugging me and can get a little blurry which means it’s time to take a break and look off into the mountains or someplace far away.
Before I began the clay work I took accurate measurements from the model, such as the width from the outer edge of iris to iris, tip of nose to chin, etc. These measurements are 75% of the work right there. Once I have these important measurements for creating a convincing likeness, I take several hi quality photos making sure to keep the same distance from model to camera (about 6 feet apart) since perspective can distort how a person looks depending on how close the model is to the camera.
I’ll post more pictures when he is completed.
Present Arms, Marine is a 70 inch tall bronze sculpture that was designed to be installed at the entrance to American Veterans Park. He will be positioned 20 feet opposite an Army honor guard from WWII and both sculptures will greet visitors to the park that will honor all veterans of the military and service member families, as well. Installation is set to take place late May 2018 and a formal unveiling for the new park will take place later this year.
Gold star wife was designed to tell a visual story of loss. The sculpture of a grieving woman clutching a US folded flag to her chest is designed to be a partner sculpture to Returning Home (background), which shows the family of three embracing upon the husbands returning home from war. Gold Star Wife will be kneeling in front of a military headstone made of grey granite. Red poppies symbolizing remembrance will lay in front of her as though she has placed them at her late husbands grave. The two sculptures will be cast in bronze and unveiled on Gold Star Mother’s Day, September 30, 2018.
This recently completed sculpture Remembering the Fallen will be installed at Fremont, Nebraska Veterans Memorial Park in May 2018. The life size bronze sculpture depicts a modern day soldier (in particular a US Marine during the early to mid- 2000’s) holding a folded U.S. flag and was designed to reflect the city’s unique way of remembering our fallen soldiers. Every year “Avenue of Flags” (a local organization in Fremont) lines up hundreds of U.S. flags along Military Ave. to honor those who served. The event is held every year on Memorial Day, Flag day, Fourth of July, Labor Day and Veterans Day. These flags are significant because each of them has been, at one point, draped over the casket of a veteran and each one therefore represents a veteran who served through many different American wars. It is a patriotic and unique way that the city honors our veterans.
Fremont’s Veterans Memorial Park will be located along Military Ave and construction is expected to be completed in the next few months. The park was designed by West Point Monument and I was commissioned to create the bronze sculpture that will help connect the Avenue of Flags ceremonies and the new Veterans Memorial park.